• justin perry

The Fourth Day of Kwanzaa, December 29 (Ujamaa means Cooperative Economics)

On the fourth day of Kwanzaa, the black candle is lit at first, then the utmost left red one, then the farthest right green one and at last the next red candle, placed at the left hand side of the black one, is lit. It represents the 4th principle, i.e. Ujamaa (oo-jah-MAH) or Collective Economics.

The fourth principle is then discussed with the present members. The Unity cup is shared and the candles are turned off.

The Swahili word ujamaa means 'extended family', 'brotherhood'; it asserts that a person becomes a person through the people or community. The spirit of 'others' or 'community' bringing units of families together, and fostering cohesion, love, and service.

Ujamaa (Cooperative Economics)

To build and maintain our own stores, shops and other businesses and to profit from them together.

Two interlocking half circles - the Nsibidi symbol of togetherness and family


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